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How do I complete my Pre-removal Risk Assessment and what evidence can I include?

How do I complete my Pre-removal Risk Assessment and what evidence can I include?
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Reviewed: 
May 15, 2019
Answer

If you’re going to be removed from Canada, you might be eligible for a Pre-Removal Risk Assessment (PRRA) to stop your removal.

A Pre-Removal Risk Assessment (PRRA) is a written application where you explain why you’re afraid to return to your country and you provide documents to support your fear.

There is no fee to apply.

If you’re applying for a PRRA for the first time, you must wait for a Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) officer to give you the application form. If you’re eligible for a PRRA, the CBSA officer will give you an application form when they’re ready to remove you from Canada. This application form is not available online. The CBSA officer must give it to you.

If you already had a PRRA, you don’t need to wait for the CBSA officer to give you the application form to apply again.

To apply for a PRRA, you need to:

  • fill out and submit the application form within 15 days of receiving it, and 
  • give evidence to show why you’re at risk if you’re removed from Canada. You must file your evidence no later than 15 days after you submit your application form or 30 days after you receive the application form from the CBSA officer.

If it’s your first PRRA application and you follow the rules in applying, your removal order will be temporarily stayed. This means that you can’t be removed from Canada until your PRRA is decided.   

But if you’re making a second PRRA application, or if you apply for a PRRA at a Port of Entry (POE), your removal order will not be put on hold until a decision is made. This means that you can be removed from Canada before there is a decision made on your PRRA. Speak with a lawyer about stopping your removal before you apply for a second PRRA. These situations are usually complicated.

A PRRA is decided using the written information and evidence you provide. You don’t usually have a hearing. So it’s important to be detailed and truthful in your application, and to include any documents that help prove your fear of return to your country.

An Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) officer reviews your PRRA using the same legal test that the Refugee Board uses to decide if you meet the definition of a Convention refugee or a person in need of protection.

Get legal help

You should get legal advice right away if you’re applying for a PRRA. A lawyer can help you complete the application, gather evidence, and make written submissions about the risk you face if you’re removed from Canada.

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